illustrator & designer & gif artist




School Project
2016, English
Instructor: Adam Lucas


In 1946, Max Bill wrote an article entitled Über Typografie (On Typography) that served as a founding statement of Swiss modernist typography. Soon after this article was published, Jan Tschichold replied with Glaube and Wirklichkeit (Belief and Reality), which sought to refute many of Bill’s opinions, and reflected Tschichold’s own turn from a modernist to a traditionalist typographer. Paul Renner then added a third, more neutral voice to the debate with On Modern Typography.

DISPUTE features the three articles and adds a fourth voice – mine as an outsider – through typography. I use green, red and black to represent these three typographers. I also set the different alignment to visualized the drama between the three.